Hobbits are a small race that inhabited Middle-earth, and is believed to be a race related to Men, and played a key role in the War of the Ring, leading to the end of Sauron. The rest of the time, its existence went totally unnoticed for the rest of the inhabitants of Arda.
"It is indeed evident that in spite of a subsequent distancing, the hobbits are our relatives: they are closer to us than to the elves and even to the Dwarves themselves. Formerly they spoke the languages of men, adapted to their own modality, and they had almost the same preferences and aversions as men. But now it is impossible to discover what our relationship with them consists of. The origin of hobbits comes from far back, from the Ancient Days, already lost and forgotten."
J.R.R. Tolkien, Prologue of The Lord of the Rings
Description and culture
"There is more in you than you know yourself, son of the generous west. There is courage and there is prudence, harmoniously mixed. If more of us value good food, joy and songs over gold, the world would be happier".
Thorin Oak Shield
Races of hobbits
The hobbits were small people, and they measure between 60-120 centimeters tall, with short legs and pointed ears and furry feet with leathery dreams, which means that they do not wear shoes. The hobbits are divided between different classes, each one with its different customs, character and culture. The strong ones with hair faceros and a love by the water, the boats and the swimming, used boots; the Albos erna just, tall and thin, an adventurous people and kind to the strangers and the Pelosos were the most numerous, and lived in holes. But the customs of the Pelosos were those that dominated the hobbit culture.
The life expectancy of a hobbit was longer than that of the Númenóreans, and it was between 90-100 years. And a hobbit did not become an adult until he was 33 years old. The two oldest hobbits were, not counting Gollum, the old Tuk, who reached the age of 130, and Bilbo Baggins who surpassed the 131.
In spite of everything, the hobbits have shown skills, courage and unparalleled resistance throughout their difficult times. But they have opted for another lifestyle: in the Shire they settled down with a closed and comfortable attitude, they like the bucolic life and little audacious, they love farming, eating, smoking pipes, socializing and above all the family trees. They also love to drink beer in taverns and eat at least six times a day.
But his strengths are not diminished by this lifestyle: during the Great Winter, Gandalf admired his courage without complaining and the compassion of one another, thanks to which they survived. Another example is Gollum himself: despite being consumed by the possession of the One Ring for many years, it does not at any time become a spectrum of the Ring, unlike the Manish kings. He, Bilbo and the four hobbits demonstrate everything a hobbit is capable of doing.
Hobbits were considered as Men. The same Tolkien and experts agree that they were related to the Men, much more than to the Elves and the less to the Dwarves. It is assumed therefore that hobbits are among the youngest sons of Ilúvatar and were the result of the same act of creation as men. Therefore, they had the same gift from men to leave Arda.
Its exact origin is unknown, but it is believed that its origin is not beyond the beginnings of the Third Age, in which they lived in the valleys of Anduin between the Black Forest and the Cloudy Mountains, where the three types of hobbits lived before mentioned. They themselves lost the geological data that connect their origins with the rest of men.
They came across the Éothéod, the ancient Rohirrim, and from them they adopted a series of customs and their language. The appearance of the shadow in the Green Forest, which was none other than Sauron, and the increase of the Eastern Men preparing their attack against Gondor, left the hobbits in the middle of everything, so they fled, crossing the Misty Mountains, and separating the three types of hobbits on the trip. The Rohan remained legends of those little men, and even during the War of the Ring, several remembered them when they saw the four hobbits.
As already mentioned, the Hobbits lived on the Anduin River, but the Cloud of the Black Forest and the armies of the men led them to leave, leaving for the Cloudy Mountains, where they began to wander. Some of the Forts, were left behind, in the Gladios Fields, and of them they come Déagol and Sméagol. Eventually they came to a land between the Baranduin River, which they later renamed Brandivino, and the Peak of the Winds. There they settled and the divisions among the hobbits began to disappear.
More or less in the year 1600, the brothers Marcho and Blanco Fallohide crossed the Brandivino having obtained the official permission of King Argeleb II of Arthedain so that the hobbits colonized a depopulated land located in the center of Eriador and that until then were used as preserves hunting for the king. Argeleb II put three conditions to this concession: that they recognized the majesty of the king, that they helped the messengers and that they maintained in good state the bridges and roads of their new earths, to which they baptized with the name of the Region. Only Bree and some villages remained until the end of the Third Age.
By 1630, the Forts moved to the Comarca and settled mostly in the Cuaderna del Sur and in the East. Reunited again, the Hobbits fell in love with their new land and began to downplay matters outside their borders, from which they barely left again. In the year 1636 the Great Plague invaded the Region, and although with numerous losses, hobbits survived. In 1974, a group of archers fought at the Battle of Fornost to avoid the defeat of Arthedain, and while this happened, the hobbits elected a ruler named Thain as the king's temporary representative.
In the year 1630 T. E., the forts moved to the Shire and settled mostly in the South and East. Reunited again, hobbits fell in love with their new land and gave less and less importance to matters outside their borders, barely leaving them. Six years later the Great Plague devastated the Region and, although with great losses, hobbits managed to survive. In the year 1974 TE, some hobbits archers fought in the Battle of Fornost to avoid the defeat of Arthedain and, after the fall of the kingdom, the heads of the different hobbit families chose a ruler, whom they called Thain, as representative of the king until he returned.
This first Thain was Bucca del Marish, who founded the Oldbuck family, which later crossed the Brandivino to create the separate land of Buckland and take the family name "Brandigamo". His patriarch then became the Lord of the Goats. When leaving the region, it was necessary to choose another family like Thain, and the chosen ones were the Tuk (in fact Pippin was the son of Thain, and later he himself was Thain of the Shire). The Thain had to put the problems in order to be the head of arms, but since the Hobbits were not interested in either, the Thain became something more than a symbolic post.
After all this, the hobbits lived in peace for more than a thousand years, protected by the Dúnedain of the North. In the year 2747, a group of orcs commanded by Golfimbul attempted to invade the Shire by the Northern Table, but a group of hobbits commanded by [Bandobras Tuk]] expelled them in the Battle of the Green Fields.
The peace ended when Saruman took over the Comarca and began its process of industrialization, bringing general misery to hobbits and destroying their fields. Shortly after, the Hobbits who participated in the War of the Ring led to the battle a group of hobbits that liberated the Shire in the Battle of the Delagua.
• Bilbo Baggins: Carrier of the Ring and protagonist of The Hobbit, a novel in which Bilbo embarks on an adventure with the magician Gandalf and a company of thirteen dwarves led by Thorin Oak Shield. In it he finds the One Ring of the Dark Lord Sauron, around whose destruction the Lord of the Rings develops.
• Frodo Baggins: Carrier of the Ring and protagonist of The Lord of the Rings. Nephew of Bilbo, he left the Ring in inheritance and would end up being responsible for its destruction after the celebration of the Council of Elrond.
• Samwise "Sam" Gamyi: gardener and friend of Frodo, one of the nine members of the Company of the Ring and the only one who came with the Bearer to the Orodruin to destroy the Ring. After the War of the Ring he was re-elected mayor of the Shire seven times.
• Meriadoc "Merry" Brandigamo: friend of Frodo and one of the nine members of the Company of the Ring. Separated from the rest of the group with his faithful friend Pippin, he fights in the War of the Ring and later is named Lord of Los Gamos.
• Peregrin "Pippin" Tuk: friend of Frodo and one of the nine members of the Company of the Ring. Separated from the rest of the group with his faithful friend Merry, fought in the War of the Ring and later named Thain of the Shire.
• Sméagol: is a hobbit corrupted by the One Ring, which guides Frodo and Sam to Mordor and turned into Gollum.
• Marcho y Blanco: Founders of the Shire.
• Tobold Corneta: discoverer and original farmer of the pipe grass in Middle Earth.
• Bandobras Tuk: leader of the Hobbits in one of the only two battles fought in the Comarca, the Battle of the Green Fields.
• Renso Bolsón: Brother of Bilbo Baggins, mentioned in drafts that did not get published.
• Hobbit is derived from Old English holbytla, "hole-inhabitant", in the Rohirric idionma.
• It is also said to come from the Rohirric holbytla "kûd-dûkan" which means "inhabitant in the hole", and the name comes from when the hobbits lived in the Anduin, along with the ancient Rohirrim.
• The Dúnedain called them "halflings" or "mediums" when they were taller than they are today, measuring now less than those, that is why they are "mediums", although it was offensive to hobbits because they are not "half of anything"
I am in fact a Hobbit (in all but in size) I like gardens, trees and non-mechanized farmland; I smoke a pipe, and as a good simple food [...], I like ornamental vests. I am fond of mushrooms (field); and have a very simple sense of humor [...]; I go to bed late and I get up late [...] And I do not travel much.
The origin of the word is interesting: the word is an invention of Tolkien, but he sought its origin somewhere, since he wanted to make sense of the word. He found a Germanic word of the thirteenth century, but it was too late for the teacher's standards, so he used a form derived from an Old English like "holbytla".
Tolkien confessed that first the word "hobbit" came up and then wrote the story of The Hobbit around her. The word arose when correcting exams in the University of Oxford, where he was a professor, he wrote "In a hole in the ground lived a hobbit", arising the whole story with this phrase.
It was later revealed that Tolkien may have been inspired by Edward Wyke Smith's book, "The Wonderful Land of the Snergs" (1927) and Sinclair Lweis' 1922 novel, "Babbit." Tolkien mentioned in an interview that the word hobbit "could have been associated with Babbitt of Sinclair Lewis", besides that "he has the same bourgeois narrowness as the Hobbits and his world is the same limited place".