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Traditional Medicare is health insurance for people over 65 or under 65 with certain disabilities, such as end-stage renal disease or Lou Gehrig's disease.


What is Medicare Part A?

It refers to the hospital cover.
Help pay for the following services:

Skilled nursing facility
Hospice care
Home care (home health care)


What does Medicare Part A cover?


It covers semiprivate room, meals, general nursing and other hospital services and supplies. This includes the attention you receive in:

intensive care hospitals
critical access hospitals
Inpatient rehabilitation institutions
long-term care hospitals
Inpatient care you receive as part of authorized clinical research
Inpatient mental health services


What does Medicare Part A not cover?


Medicare Part A does not cover:

Private Nursing
Television or Telephone
Personal hygiene items
Private room

How to qualify for Medicare Part A?

Enrollment in Medicare Part A is automatic and free if you are a citizen who has worked forty (40) quarters or more. If you have not worked the forty quarters and want to qualify for Medicare Part A you will have to pay a monthly premium that could be up to $ 413.00 per month, for 2017. To know if you are eligible or for details, you must contact the Social Security office.


What is Medicare Part B?


It refers to the medical cover.
Help pay for the following services:

Doctors and other health providers
Ambulatory care
Home health care (Infusion)
Durable medical equipment (DME)
Some preventive services


How to enroll in Medicare Part B?


All citizens eligible for Medicare Part A will also be eligible for Part B.

Part B is optional since it has a monthly cost and may apply surcharges and / or penalties in case the member does not accept it within the established period. Anyone who does not enroll in Medicare Part B when they are first eligible, and does not qualify for a Special Enrollment Period, may be subject to a late enrollment penalty. This could mean you have to pay 10% higher monthly premiums for each 12 month period that was eligible for Part B, but you did not sign up. You will have to pay the most expensive Part B premium while you have Medicare.

To register for Part B:

Submit an online application to Social Security. If you started your application online and have your re-entry number, you can return to finalize your application.
Visit your local Social Security office.
Call Social Security at 1-800-772-1213 (TTY: 1-800-325-0778).
If you worked for a railroad company, contact the Railroad Retirement Board (RRB) at 1-877-772-5772.
Complete the Application for Registration in Part B (CMS-40B). Get this form and its instructions in Spanish. Remember that you must already have Part A to request Part B.
The amount to be paid for Part B is calculated according to the affiliate's tax return.


What does Medicare Part B cover?


There are two types of services that Part B covers:

1. Medically necessary services - Services or supplies that are necessary for the diagnosis or treatment of your problem and must also meet the standards of medical practice.

2. Preventive Services - Services that help to prevent or reduce the complications of a health problem you have or make an early detection of it that is when the treatment can give the best results (for example, the Pap test, vaccines or evaluations for the detection of colorectal cancer).


Services Covered by Part B:

Evaluation of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Ambulance Service
Rate of the Ambulatory Surgery Center (? Ambulatory Surgery?)
Measurement of Bone Mass (Bone Densitometry)
Cardiovascular Evaluation
Chiropractic services (limited)
Laboratory services
Clinical research studies
Tests for the detection of Colorectal Cancer
Defibrillator (automatic implant)
Diabetes Evaluation
Training for Diabetes Automanejo
Supplies for Diabetics
Certain Medical Services
Durable Medical Equipment (Example: walkers)
Evaluation EKG
Emergency Room Services
Vision Screening for Diabetics
Glasses (after cataract surgery)
Services of a Federally Qualified Health Center
Influenza and Influenza Vaccine
Foot exams and treatment
Glaucoma Test
Ear and Balance Examination
Vaccines against Hepatitis B


What is Medicare Part C?

It refers to Medicare Advantage plans. A Medicare Advantage Plan (like an HMO or PPO) is a type of Medicare health plan offered by a private company that has a contract with Medicare to provide you with all of the Medicare Part A and Part B benefits and other services not covered by Medicare. Traditional, as a dental cover and many offer cover of medications. These plans, for the most part, offer the benefits covered by traditional Medicare at lower costs within their provider network.


What is Medicare Part D?


It refers to the drug coverage. It is offered by private companies approved in Puerto Rico.

They help pay for prescription drugs.
Prescription drug coverage is available to all medicare members.
The person must enroll in a Medicare prescription drug plan or qualify for a Medicare Advantage plan that covers prescription drugs.


What happens if I join Medicare Part D late?

You may owe a late enrollment penalty if, during any period of 63 or more days in a row after the initial enrollment period ends, you continue without any of the following plans:

a Medicare Prescription Drug Plan (Part D);
a Medicare Advantage Plan (such as an Organization Health Maintenance Plan [HMO] or a Medicare Preferred Provider Organization Plan [PPO]);
another Medicare health plan that includes Medicare prescription drug coverage;
valid coverage for prescription drugs.


If you have already installed Windows 10, surely one of the first things you have done is to try the new Microsoft Edge browser. It has liked the majority because it goes to the grain. Fast loading, websites are rendered almost instantly, and its interface is clear and direct, without distracting ornaments.

Edge launches new ways of viewing and sharing web pages. But the big question that Windows users have is whether it is better than Chrome or Firefox. Which one to use? We will try to discover it by comparing its performance.

Before you start, if you want to see all the news of Windows 10 in video and in Spanish, here you have them. It also shows how Edge works:


What's new in Edge?

The jump from Internet Explorer to Microsoft Edge involves more than just a name change. Both are based on the Trident engine, but the new EdgeHTML web rendering engine has been redesigned from the ground up thinking, as Microsoft says, "the modern web". Explorer was designed 20 years ago and although it has evolved, a good part of its code was designed for services and websites that are no longer carried.

Edge incorporates new technologies that adapt to the current use of the Internet, including the preload of pages and the dynamic interface:

Microsoft Edge vs. Chrome vs Firefox vs Internet Explorer

It allows you to perform the basic actions of a browser, such as storing websites in the favorites list, or sharing them. Integrates Cortana and Bing to carry out searches, and Adobe Flash to maintain compatibility with thousands of pages. All this can be deactivated or customized.

Among the novelties of Microsoft Edge include the Reading View and Web Notes.

The Reading View removes banners, bars, and other page decorations to leave only text, photos and videos. It helps to read long articles more comfortably, but for now it has flaws and sometimes it eats videos and complete texts. You can also add websites to a Reading List to read later.

If you create a Web Note you can draw freehand directly on a page, either with the mouse or with your finger (on a touch screen). It is possible to add notes with the keyboard. Then you share it through the mail or social networks.

Edge vs. Chrome vs. Firefox, who is faster?

As we have said, at the level of use Edge is a very fast browser when it comes to loading pages, and in our team gives the impression of rendering the webs faster than Chrome or Firefox. But do the benchmarks say the same thing?

We have checked the rendering speed (load) of the web pages as well as the performance with the latest versions of the main PC browsers, using different benchmarks: Browsermark (generic), Octane (Javascript) and Peacekeeper (HTML5). The latter, although it is not updated anymore, we have included it precisely to see how Edge behaves with technologies created before its birth.

We have decided to include Internet Explorer 11 in the test, because it is also included in Windows 10, along with Edge. Microsoft will maintain it until Edge is 100% compatible with all websites.

These are the results (a higher number is better):

Browser Benchmark Browsermark (Generic) Octane (Javascript) Peacekeeper (HTML5)
Microsoft Edge 4397 42696 3799
Internet Explorer 11 (Windows 10) 4214 19700 3609
Google Chrome 8087 39362 5978
Mozilla Firefox 5784 36614 6798
With Browsermark, Chrome far outperforms Edge. However Edge is a seller in the Octane test, which curiously is a benchmark created by Google. In HTML 5, Firefox and Chrome are pretty even in the lead.

The results are quite different, but we must bear in mind that these benchmarks were created before the launch of Edge.

The Web Expert Reviews has made measurements of memory and CPU usage and surprisingly despite its apparent lightness, Edge consumes more memory and CPU than Chrome or Firefox:

Although Edge consumes more resources, they are not excessively high values ​​considering the power of an average PC, equipped with a minimum of 4 GB of RAM.

The verdict

Is it time to stop using Chrome, Firefox or Internet Explorer, to throw yourself into the arms of Microsoft Edge?

Microsoft Edge vs Chrome vs Firefox vs Internet Explorer

Edge shines by its fast loading and its comfortable and light interface. And although the benchmarks indicate that Chrome is faster, in the real tests through the use of the browser the webs are shown faster in Edge, at least in our test equipment.

If you only use the browser to navigate, Edge is an option to consider. Especially if you visit news pages with a lot of text, thanks to their reading modes. But do not forget that the Reading View sometimes fails

In Norse mythology, the figure of the dragon was used as a symbol of material greed, that is: it acquired a clearly negative sign, unlike some aspects of Eastern mythology.


It is told in the Nordic prose collection called Volsunga saga - the saga of Volsunga - that Fafnir or Favnir was the son of the dwarf king Hreidmar, brother of Regin and Otr. Fafnir had the advantage of having a very long arm and a daring soul; He was the strongest and most aggressive of the three brothers.



After Otr was killed by Loki, Hreidmar received Andvari's fortune as retribution for the loss of his son. Then Fafnir and Regin, ambitious, murdered his father to keep his wealth. However, Fafnir longed to have everything, for that reason he became a dragon (Nordic symbol of greed) and disputed his brother's gold. Regin, enraged, sent his son Sigurd to kill the dragon. He was successful, but was tempted by the same sin as his father and his uncle: greed, so he ended up killing his own father, Regin.

Fafnir or Fafner also appears in Wagner's opera, The Ring of the Nibelungs, but is portrayed as a giant capable of safeguarding the treasure with more zeal than a dwarf.

The Völsunga Saga is an Icelandic interpretation of the late thirteenth century - the origin and decline of the Volsung clan in which the existence of Sigurd, Brynhild and the destruction of the Burgundians is documented. The German epic poem Nibelungenlied (The Song of the Nibelungs) is based on these old stories, which were popular in all Germanic lands, but reworks the traditional material and includes ingredients from the medieval court setting.

Nibelungenlied relates that it was Siegfried who killed the dragon in the court of the Burgundians, thanks to which he could become the owner of the treasure of the Nibelungs. After killing him, he bathed in the blood of this mythical animal and became an invulnerable man, except for a small weak spot that was left out in the open, where a linden leaf fell while it was soaked with Fafnir's blood: his back . Like the Achilles heel, that will be the fatal site that the treacherous Hagen will choose to betray him.

Hobbits are a small race that inhabited Middle-earth, and is believed to be a race related to Men, and played a key role in the War of the Ring, leading to the end of Sauron. The rest of the time, its existence went totally unnoticed for the rest of the inhabitants of Arda.

"It is indeed evident that in spite of a subsequent distancing, the hobbits are our relatives: they are closer to us than to the elves and even to the Dwarves themselves. Formerly they spoke the languages ​​of men, adapted to their own modality, and they had almost the same preferences and aversions as men. But now it is impossible to discover what our relationship with them consists of. The origin of hobbits comes from far back, from the Ancient Days, already lost and forgotten."

J.R.R. Tolkien, Prologue of The Lord of the Rings


Description and culture

"There is more in you than you know yourself, son of the generous west. There is courage and there is prudence, harmoniously mixed. If more of us value good food, joy and songs over gold, the world would be happier".
Thorin Oak Shield

Races of hobbits

The hobbits were small people, and they measure between 60-120 centimeters tall, with short legs and pointed ears and furry feet with leathery dreams, which means that they do not wear shoes. The hobbits are divided between different classes, each one with its different customs, character and culture. The strong ones with hair faceros and a love by the water, the boats and the swimming, used boots; the Albos erna just, tall and thin, an adventurous people and kind to the strangers and the Pelosos were the most numerous, and lived in holes. But the customs of the Pelosos were those that dominated the hobbit culture.

The life expectancy of a hobbit was longer than that of the Númenóreans, and it was between 90-100 years. And a hobbit did not become an adult until he was 33 years old. The two oldest hobbits were, not counting Gollum, the old Tuk, who reached the age of 130, and Bilbo Baggins who surpassed the 131.

In spite of everything, the hobbits have shown skills, courage and unparalleled resistance throughout their difficult times. But they have opted for another lifestyle: in the Shire they settled down with a closed and comfortable attitude, they like the bucolic life and little audacious, they love farming, eating, smoking pipes, socializing and above all the family trees. They also love to drink beer in taverns and eat at least six times a day.
But his strengths are not diminished by this lifestyle: during the Great Winter, Gandalf admired his courage without complaining and the compassion of one another, thanks to which they survived. Another example is Gollum himself: despite being consumed by the possession of the One Ring for many years, it does not at any time become a spectrum of the Ring, unlike the Manish kings. He, Bilbo and the four hobbits demonstrate everything a hobbit is capable of doing.


Hobbits were considered as Men. The same Tolkien and experts agree that they were related to the Men, much more than to the Elves and the less to the Dwarves. It is assumed therefore that hobbits are among the youngest sons of Ilúvatar and were the result of the same act of creation as men. Therefore, they had the same gift from men to leave Arda.
Its exact origin is unknown, but it is believed that its origin is not beyond the beginnings of the Third Age, in which they lived in the valleys of Anduin between the Black Forest and the Cloudy Mountains, where the three types of hobbits lived before mentioned. They themselves lost the geological data that connect their origins with the rest of men.
They came across the Éothéod, the ancient Rohirrim, and from them they adopted a series of customs and their language. The appearance of the shadow in the Green Forest, which was none other than Sauron, and the increase of the Eastern Men preparing their attack against Gondor, left the hobbits in the middle of everything, so they fled, crossing the Misty Mountains, and separating the three types of hobbits on the trip. The Rohan remained legends of those little men, and even during the War of the Ring, several remembered them when they saw the four hobbits.


As already mentioned, the Hobbits lived on the Anduin River, but the Cloud of the Black Forest and the armies of the men led them to leave, leaving for the Cloudy Mountains, where they began to wander. Some of the Forts, were left behind, in the Gladios Fields, and of them they come Déagol and Sméagol. Eventually they came to a land between the Baranduin River, which they later renamed Brandivino, and the Peak of the Winds. There they settled and the divisions among the hobbits began to disappear.
More or less in the year 1600, the brothers Marcho and Blanco Fallohide crossed the Brandivino having obtained the official permission of King Argeleb II of Arthedain so that the hobbits colonized a depopulated land located in the center of Eriador and that until then were used as preserves hunting for the king. Argeleb II put three conditions to this concession: that they recognized the majesty of the king, that they helped the messengers and that they maintained in good state the bridges and roads of their new earths, to which they baptized with the name of the Region. Only Bree and some villages remained until the end of the Third Age.

By 1630, the Forts moved to the Comarca and settled mostly in the Cuaderna del Sur and in the East. Reunited again, the Hobbits fell in love with their new land and began to downplay matters outside their borders, from which they barely left again. In the year 1636 the Great Plague invaded the Region, and although with numerous losses, hobbits survived. In 1974, a group of archers fought at the Battle of Fornost to avoid the defeat of Arthedain, and while this happened, the hobbits elected a ruler named Thain as the king's temporary representative.

In the year 1630 T. E., the forts moved to the Shire and settled mostly in the South and East. Reunited again, hobbits fell in love with their new land and gave less and less importance to matters outside their borders, barely leaving them. Six years later the Great Plague devastated the Region and, although with great losses, hobbits managed to survive. In the year 1974 TE, some hobbits archers fought in the Battle of Fornost to avoid the defeat of Arthedain and, after the fall of the kingdom, the heads of the different hobbit families chose a ruler, whom they called Thain, as representative of the king until he returned.

This first Thain was Bucca del Marish, who founded the Oldbuck family, which later crossed the Brandivino to create the separate land of Buckland and take the family name "Brandigamo". His patriarch then became the Lord of the Goats. When leaving the region, it was necessary to choose another family like Thain, and the chosen ones were the Tuk (in fact Pippin was the son of Thain, and later he himself was Thain of the Shire). The Thain had to put the problems in order to be the head of arms, but since the Hobbits were not interested in either, the Thain became something more than a symbolic post.

After all this, the hobbits lived in peace for more than a thousand years, protected by the Dúnedain of the North. In the year 2747, a group of orcs commanded by Golfimbul attempted to invade the Shire by the Northern Table, but a group of hobbits commanded by [Bandobras Tuk]] expelled them in the Battle of the Green Fields.
The peace ended when Saruman took over the Comarca and began its process of industrialization, bringing general misery to hobbits and destroying their fields. Shortly after, the Hobbits who participated in the War of the Ring led to the battle a group of hobbits that liberated the Shire in the Battle of the Delagua.


Famous Hobbits

• Bilbo Baggins: Carrier of the Ring and protagonist of The Hobbit, a novel in which Bilbo embarks on an adventure with the magician Gandalf and a company of thirteen dwarves led by Thorin Oak Shield. In it he finds the One Ring of the Dark Lord Sauron, around whose destruction the Lord of the Rings develops.

• Frodo Baggins: Carrier of the Ring and protagonist of The Lord of the Rings. Nephew of Bilbo, he left the Ring in inheritance and would end up being responsible for its destruction after the celebration of the Council of Elrond.

• Samwise "Sam" Gamyi: gardener and friend of Frodo, one of the nine members of the Company of the Ring and the only one who came with the Bearer to the Orodruin to destroy the Ring. After the War of the Ring he was re-elected mayor of the Shire seven times.

• Meriadoc "Merry" Brandigamo: friend of Frodo and one of the nine members of the Company of the Ring. Separated from the rest of the group with his faithful friend Pippin, he fights in the War of the Ring and later is named Lord of Los Gamos.

• Peregrin "Pippin" Tuk: friend of Frodo and one of the nine members of the Company of the Ring. Separated from the rest of the group with his faithful friend Merry, fought in the War of the Ring and later named Thain of the Shire.

• Sméagol: is a hobbit corrupted by the One Ring, which guides Frodo and Sam to Mordor and turned into Gollum.

• Marcho y Blanco: Founders of the Shire.

• Tobold Corneta: discoverer and original farmer of the pipe grass in Middle Earth.

• Bandobras Tuk: leader of the Hobbits in one of the only two battles fought in the Comarca, the Battle of the Green Fields.

• Renso Bolsón: Brother of Bilbo Baggins, mentioned in drafts that did not get published.


• Hobbit is derived from Old English holbytla, "hole-inhabitant", in the Rohirric idionma.

• It is also said to come from the Rohirric holbytla "kûd-dûkan" which means "inhabitant in the hole", and the name comes from when the hobbits lived in the Anduin, along with the ancient Rohirrim.

• The Dúnedain called them "halflings" or "mediums" when they were taller than they are today, measuring now less than those, that is why they are "mediums", although it was offensive to hobbits because they are not "half of anything"





I am in fact a Hobbit (in all but in size) I like gardens, trees and non-mechanized farmland; I smoke a pipe, and as a good simple food [...], I like ornamental vests. I am fond of mushrooms (field); and have a very simple sense of humor [...]; I go to bed late and I get up late [...] And I do not travel much.

J.R.R. Tolkien


The origin of the word is interesting: the word is an invention of Tolkien, but he sought its origin somewhere, since he wanted to make sense of the word. He found a Germanic word of the thirteenth century, but it was too late for the teacher's standards, so he used a form derived from an Old English like "holbytla".

Tolkien confessed that first the word "hobbit" came up and then wrote the story of The Hobbit around her. The word arose when correcting exams in the University of Oxford, where he was a professor, he wrote "In a hole in the ground lived a hobbit", arising the whole story with this phrase.

It was later revealed that Tolkien may have been inspired by Edward Wyke Smith's book, "The Wonderful Land of the Snergs" (1927) and Sinclair Lweis' 1922 novel, "Babbit." Tolkien mentioned in an interview that the word hobbit "could have been associated with Babbitt of Sinclair Lewis", besides that "he has the same bourgeois narrowness as the Hobbits and his world is the same limited place".

The number Pi is the most studied (and most acclaimed) number of mathematics, since it is a number that has infinite decimal places. It is believed that its origin dates back to 2000 BC and represents one of the most important mathematical constants commonly used in mathematics, physics and engineering. Not in vain, it is one of the most common mathematical constants in the equations of physics, together with the number e (also known as Euler's number or Napier's constant).

It is a highly acclaimed number that even has its own celebration. March 14 (3/14) at 01:59 PM is the highlight of the celebration, by the six-digit approximation: 3.14159.

As an extravagant tribute, here is a sample of the 1,500 first decimal places of the Pi number:

3'1415926535 8979323846 2643383279 5028841971 6939937510 5820974944 5923078164 0628620899 8628034825 3421170679 8214808651 3282306647 0938446095 5058223172 5359408128 4811174502 8410270193 8521105559 6446229489 5493038196 4428810975 6659334461 2847564823 3786783165 2712019091 4564856692 3460348610 4543266482 1339360726 0249141273 7245870066 0631558817 4881520920 9628292540 9171536436 7892590360 0113305305 4882046652 1384146951 9415116094 3305727036 5759591953 0921861173 8193261179 3105118548 0744623799 6274956735 1885752724 8912279381 8301194912 9833673362 4406566430 8602139494 6395224737 1907021798 6094370277 0539217176 2931767523 8467481846 7669405132 0005681271 4526356082 7785771342 7577896091 7363717872 1468440901 2249534301 4654958537 1050792279 6892589235 4201995611 2129021960 8640344181 5981362977 4771309960 5187072113 4999999837 2978049951 0597317328 1609631859 ​​5024459455 3469083026 4252230825 3344685035 2619311881 7101000313 7838752886 5875332083 8142061717 7669147303 598253 4904 2875546873 1159562863 8823537875 9375195778 1857780532 1712268066 1300192787 6611195909 2164201989 3809525720 1065485863 2788659361 5338182796 8230301952 0353018529 6899577362 2599413891 2497217752 8347913151 5574857242 4541506959 5082953311 6861727855 8890750983 8175463746 4939319255 0604009277 0167113900 9848824012 8583616035 6370766010 4710181942 9555961989 4676783744 9448255379 7747268471 0404753464 6208046684 2590694912 9331367702 8989152104 7521620569 6602405803 8150193511 2533824300 3558764024 7496473263 9141992726 0426992279 6782354781 6360093417 2164121992 4586315030 2861829745 5570674983 8505494588 5869269956 9092721079 7509302955

Twitter is an online social network that allows users to send and read short messages of 140 characters called "tweets". Registered users can read and post tweets, but those who are not registered can only read them. Users access Twitter through the web interface, SMS or mobile device application. Twitter Inc. is headquartered in San Francisco and has more than 25 offices around the world. Currently Twitter has more than 350 million monthly active users.



  • Viral: a platform that, due to its global, social and synchronic nature, facilitates the rapid circulation and multiplication of messages.
  • Hypertextual: literate environment in which each message consists of links by default in which the use of the symbol of the @ and del # creates links automatically.
  • Intuitive: application concept and a web interface aimed at non-expert users, based on simplicity and usability.
  • Asymmetric: optional relations (follow / be followed), in which mutual consent between users is not required.
  • Multiplatform: application with which you can interact from mail messaging clients, SMS, web browsers and their extensions, desktops, laptops, netbooks, tablets, mobile phones and social networks.
  • Synchronous: temporality defined by the vertiginous transience of time line in which the times of publication and readings tend to coincide.
  • Social: set of communities and relationships defined by each user.
  • Brief: Write format limited to 140 characters per message.
  • Decentralized: variable multipoint architecture - multipoint, defined by the decisions of the users.
  • Global: service available in several languages ​​and throughout the planet, including the International Space Station.




A hashtag is a word that goes next to the symbol (#). Depending on the country, this symbol can be named as a numeral, pad and even cat.
Hashtags allow the user to create trends, differentiate, highlight and group a specific word in this social network.

The hashtag consists in using labels to be able to group them later. For example, if the user is looking on Twitter for the latest news about video games, you should do a simple search by typing "videogames" into the Twitter search engine. This will get a large number of results, but also any tweet that includes that word, like someone who comments "Video games with my friends.

This social network is also considered a news medium. Users usually look for what is happening by using the hashtag (#).